- Type: Fish
- Size: 20 in – 71 in
- Weight: 1.10 lbs to 3.08 lbs
- Diet: Carnivore
- Ave. Life Span: 12 to 15 years
The pike is a species of fish that lives in freshwater, and is considered as one of the oldest in the world. It is believed that they came into existence 65 million years ago. These large fishes can naturally be found across Europe, North America, western Asia, and Canada. They prefer to inhabit deeper and huge bodies of water, such as rivers, lakes, and streams.
Aside from their large size, pikes are also known for their grey-green scales, pointed head, elongated body, and extremely sharp teeth. The color of their scales serves as a camouflage as they hide behind weeds and reeds, and their sharp teeth are ideal for their carnivorous diet. They normally consume smaller fishes and amphibians, such as toads, frogs, spiders, and snails.
Because of their size, they are one of the most dominant predators. Compared to males, females tend to be larger. Depending on the size of the female pike, it can lay as much as 200,000 eggs at once. They usually lay their eggs in the spring season.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the pike is listed as Least Concern. However, their populations are being adversely affected by overfishing and water pollution.