Description The beluga whale, also called the white whale, naturally lives in the sub-Arctic and Arctic region and is considered as one of the smallest whale species. Some of their most distinct characteristics include its prominent forehead, unique color, and its ability to turn its head in every direction with its flexible neck. They are typically found close to river mouths and during the summer season, some populations migrate towards warmer water. Beluga whales are classified as carnivorous creatures, which typically feed on fishes, mollusks, crustaceans, and worms. In addition, these marine mammals are highly sociable and live together in groups called pods. These pods may be composed of just a few whales to hundreds of individuals. They communicate by producing different sounds such as chirps, whistles, squeals, and clicks.
Status According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Beluga whale is listed as Near Threatened. Some of the major threats that this species face include hunting and other human activities, pollution, and climate change.