Dromedary, Arabian Camel
Description The Arabian camels, which are also known as the dromedaries, have a single hump that can store around 80 pounds of fat that they use for energy. Because of this stored fat, these camels can travel over 100 desert miles with no water. Their thick and tough footpads allow them to easily navigate in the desert sands and rocky terrains. Moreover, they can also conserve fluids for an extended period of time because they rarely sweat. However, a very thirsty Arabian Camel can consume up to 30 gallons of water in just 13 minutes. The long neck of these camels is curved and their bodies are large. They have woolly coats that help them survive in various weather conditions. Additionally, they have long eyelashes and bushy eyebrows that can protect their eyes from the sand. During sandstorms, they can close their nostrils to prevent sand from entering. Compared to the Bactrian Camel, the hair of the Arabian Camel is shorter. Dromedaries are herbivorous and can eat almost all kinds of vegetation, including prickly ones. Their tough lips aid in their survival because these allow them to eat thorny plants found in the desert. This type of camel can be found in Southwestern Asia and Northern Africa. They survive in places with arid climates such as the Middle East, Arabian Peninsula, and the Sahara Desert. Furthermore, Dromedaries have also been introduced to Australia.
Status Arabian Camels were not evaluated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The population of these animals stands at around 15 million, thereby giving it a Common status.